Ford F-Series VII 71980 - 1986
Model: F-Series (1948 - ...)
Wikipedia (F-Series): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_F-Series
The next major redesign for the F-Series came for the 1980 model year. The new truck had a squarer look, with sharp lines and flat panels; the trucks were designed with improved fuel efficiency in mind, and to this end, Ford added its new AOD automatic overdrive (four-speed) transmission as an option on light-duty models. The upscale Ranger trim line was dropped from the F-Series in 1982;Ranger was subsequently applied to the replacement for the Ford Courier compact-pickup line. Trim options became XL, XLS, and XLT Lariat. In 1982, a slightly re-designed grille appeared, featuring fewer vertical bars than the previous 1980–1981 grille; for the first time, the corporate Blue Oval logo made its appearance on the grille. This generation of Ford trucks are the latest to become popular restoration projects as most of these trucks are becoming emissions exempt in most states and now old enough to be registered as classics or antiques.
The F-100 was dropped as the base model at the end of 1983 and the now-familiar F-150 took its place as the base model F-Series truck for 1984. This generation also saw extensive use of galvanized body panels to fight corrosion which is now gaining them popularity among restorers. In Mexico, there is an "F-200" which was introduced in 1976. This variant remained until 1991.
The various changes that occurred between the 1981 and 1982 model years were accompanied by a slight cosmetic change- 1980–81 trucks have a plain grille with "FORD" spelled across the front of the hood in chrome lettering, similar to the previous generation. 1982–86 models had the letters removed, and a Ford oval placed in the center of the grille. This made the 1982 the first model year to feature a blue oval on the front, something that has been on every model that followed it, with the exception of the 2010 and 2011 F-150 SVT Raptor.
This generation saw two different sets of trim levels:
In 1980 and 1981, there was:
The big-block 460 CID V8 was dropped for 1980, but returned in 1983 along with the 6.9 L V8 International Harvester IDI option. In 1982, the 335-series "Cleveland" V8s were discontinued. The 351C was replaced by the 351 Windsor (an older design that now made its debut in light trucks), while the 400 vanished altogether (Ford's competitors had ceased selling engines in that size range a few years before). The 5.0 L V8 switched over to fuel injection, first as an option in 1985 and then as standard in 1986.
The new Essex V6 was added in 1982, but didn't sell particularly well. It was dropped after 1983, and the long-lived 300 inline six continued as the standard engine through the series. Trucks equipped with the 3-speed manual transmission were the last American vehicles to have a column-shifted manual transmission.
|232 CID Essex V6||1982–83||110 hp (82 kW)||183 lb·ft (248 N·m)|
|255 CID Windsor V8||1980–81||115 hp (86 kW)||206 lb·ft (279 N·m)||2bbl|
|300 CID Straight-6||1980||117 hp (87 kW)||227 lb·ft (308 N·m)||1bbl|
|300 CID† Straight-6||1980||120 hp (89 kW)||229 lb·ft (310 N·m)||1bbl|
|300 CID Straight-6||1981–86||122 hp (91 kW)||255 lb·ft (346 N·m)||1bbl|
|302 CID Windsor V8||1980–85||133 hp (99 kW)||233 lb·ft (316 N·m)||2bbl|
|302 CID Windsor V8||1985–86||185 hp (138 kW)||270 lb·ft (366 N·m)||EFI|
|351 CID 351M V8||1980–82||136 hp (101 kW)||262 lb·ft (355 N·m)||2bbl|
|351 CID Windsor V8||1980–82||136 hp (101 kW)||262 lb·ft (355 N·m)||2bbl|
|351 CID Windsor V8||1983–85||150 hp (110 kW)||280 lb·ft (380 N·m)||2bbl|
|351 CID HO Windsor V8||1984–86||210 hp (160 kW)||305 lb·ft (414 N·m)||4bbl|
|400 CID† 400 V8||1980–82||136 hp (101 kW)||310 lb·ft (420 N·m)||2bbl|
|420 CID International Harvester IDI diesel V8†||1983–87||170 hp (130 kW)||315 lb·ft (427 N·m)||IDI|
|460 CID† 385 V8||1983–84||225 hp (168 kW)||380 lb·ft (515 N·m)||4bbl|
|460 CID†† 385 V8||1985–86||245 hp (183 kW)||385 lb·ft (522 N·m)||4bbl|
† Only available F-250 HD and F-350
†† 1984–85 only available on HD F-250 and F-350 models, 1986 available all models
This generation was the first time Ford used Independent suspension on their full size 4x4 trucks. As well as being the first time any of the Big Three (automobile manufacturers) made a 4x4 full size truck without a solid front axle. Ford & Dana Corporation called this the Twin Traction Beam or TTB. The F-150 used a Dana 44 TTB. The rear was a Ford 9-inch axle with theFord 8.8 axle being phased in, in 1983. The F-250 used a 8 lug version of the Dana 44 TTB called the Dana 44 TTBHD with the Dana 50 TTB being a option. The rear was a Dana 60 until 1985 when Ford phased out the axle for their own Sterling 10.25. The F-350 used the Dana 50 TTB in front until a mid-year change in 1985, when the F-350 was fitted with the Dana 60 solid front axle. For the rear axle the F-350 trucks used a Dana 60 for the single rear wheel trucks and a Dana 70 for the dual rear wheel trucks until 1985 when Ford once again phased in their own Sterling axle.
|Ford F-Series VII|
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